Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State

What is Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS) ?

HHS is a serious condition that mostly affects people with Type 2 diabetes but has been known to affect those with Type 1 also. HHS occurs when blood glucose levels become very high. It can develop over a course of weeks through illness and dehydration. HHS can be potentially fatal, so knowing the symptoms is important.

Symptoms include:

  • Urination
  • Thirst
  • Nausea
  • Dry skin
  • Disorientation
  • Drowsiness
  • Gradual loss of consciousness

If blood glucose levels have remained high and these symptoms occur hospital treatment is required. Correcting blood glucose levels and rehydrating is important. Replacement fluid and insulin will be given through an IV drip.

This condition can be avoided by keeping on top of your blood sugar levels. By doing so action can be taken quickly if your blood sugar levels fall outside of your target range.